Countries in Industrial Development          





The industrial sector answers for activities that induce to regional development and the sustained growth of the economy.

Being considered the existence of energy supply satisfactory, the principal vector of the program should assist the supply of goods and materials destined to the development of the other sections.

Leaning on the principle that great part of the countries with basic industrial activity, practically possesses transformation sectors capable to supply basic wares, the program recommends actions driven in the sense of creating means for the sustained development.

The privileged sections are distinguished by their objective capacity to generate micro economies and development of small companies generating potentially employments and resources; considering some basic precepts that should manage the programs, taking in account the capacity of these programs to define their goals based on the own local development.

Consequently the generators of new initiatives are always motivated by their own demands and local successes, and not for precepts implanted externally.

The basic principles are constituted by the own concepts of human survival and the development of their product. By this way is considered that the process principles are based on the feeding chain and food.

Therefore it is privileged before everything the agriculture and packaging.
The alimentary production, beginning for the agriculture because it is the principal raw material supplying pole and packaging responsible for their conservation. Soon after the exploratory activities fishing, and animals breeds.

The third pole is the transport, even handmade, important for all the sectors. Starting from an operational regional base the other sectors grow parallel and in harmony with the well implanted sectors.




to build a prosperous and sustainable development

The four essential determinants core of human well-being are energy, food, health and water.

The sustainability challenge is to accomplish development while protecting the world’s environment, ensuring that economic activity does not destabilize the biodiversity, climate, and other natural processes on which life depends.

The development challenge is to make possible the poor countries to gather together their basic needs for energy, food, health, and water, prioritizing actions as well as initiatives leading to achieve sustainable development.

The recommendations have to be based on consensus achieved among a wide cross-section of experts, and the inevitable of practical policy makers and the public understanding in several critical areas of sustainable development.

Addressing these concerning, characterize providing safe energy for cooking, clean water for drinking and sanitation, sufficient food for necessary nourishment, and systems for disease control and prevention.

Environmental degradation in these places is often both a direct cause and consequence of fighting to survive, as when poor rural people cut down forests to clear land for farming or to produce fuel or to sell.




¤ Agriculture is obviously of critical importance to all developing and least-developed countries, and is also in many ways the key to the development.

¤ In agriculture, we should not forget such subject of importance to developing countries as cotton, commodities, tropical products and addressing erosion prevention. On all these questions there are proposals addressing and corresponding to the concerns of developing countries. Also to keep in mind in the agriculture areas the issue of special and differential treatment, including the flexibility to designate a number of products as special products based on criteria of food security, income security and rural development needs.

¤ Market access is a basic question for developing countries. Should be defined storing, cellars, transformation and distribution as the main difficulties to settle up a basic structure for continuous market access. It should be added that market access interests and improving opportunities in addition to addressing continuous production and distribution is the only practical way to induce micro-economies prosperity and sustainable development.




Manufacturing and processing, packaging, distribution, large storage and transportation facilities, power plants, and government infrastructures





There are two different types of industrial development. The first one is service-oriented and is related to population and the activity level of further trade activities. External markets mostly influence the other sector, basic industries.

Elementary industrial activity has to be close to raw products and other key resources. Every kind of industries is affected by the availability of transportation facilities. Other factors equally important are the accessibility to public utilities, energy, and internal and external distribution.

The location of industrial developments is important for many reasons. Areas designated for industrial finalities must be close enough to population and/or commercial areas for efficient production and distribution.

The most important task is to consider the regional vocation for raw material, from agricultural potential, water availability, energy supply, and workforce.

The major use of industrial domains as example is the processing of sugar and related industries. Other agricultural industrial activities include the processing of coffee, macadamia nuts, meat products, tropical fruits, vegetables, bamboo and timber. The processing of these exportable products is expected to expand, and to create continuous development.

The existence of non-conforming uses that are incompatible with agricultural and industry vocations create an undesirable land use configuration.

Recently, there have been new accomplishments in alternate energy and aquaculture activities development. Both of these developments are utilizing resources not previously utilized creating the possible need for new forms of land use management and incentive.

The following purposes, policies and standards are set forth to guide the development of industrial and agricultural areas in the best interest of the region and its residents:








¤ The residents must be made aware of the circumstances resulting from industrial development. Citizen participation, awareness, and most of all, citizen understanding are vital in the development of industrial areas, as in all phases of the planning process.

¤ Promote and encourage the rehabilitation of related production areas (agricultural and industrial), which are serviced by basic community facilities and utilities.

¤ Support the creation of basic industrial parks in appropriate locations as an alternative to incentive development. Industrial development shall be located in areas adequately served by energy, transportation, utilities, and other amenities essential infrastructure. Redeveloping or newly developing areas shall be industrialized in counterpart with programmed public and privately funded infrastructure to meet the expected needs.

¤ Achieve a wide-ranging diversification of local small industries by providing opportunities for new industries and strengthening existing industries. In this sense, essential packaging production as plastics, glass, and metal is fundamental.

¤ Industrial activities may be located close to raw materials or key resources.

¤ Industrial development shall maintain or improve the quality of the present environment.

¤ Industrial development shall be conveniently located to its labor resource.

As example, industrial activity in the rural areas close to sugar processing and related uses. Small pockets of population centers are located close to these plantations and these communities contain a few minor industrial services. There are also industries involved with the processing and packaging of locally grown products. Several small plants may process tropical fruits into puree, juices, jams and jellies.

Industrial development is primarily due to its available transportation facilities, the harbor and roads, and its concentration of population.

Other industrial activities include quarrying, garment manufacturing, storage, wholesaling facilities and numerous other population service-oriented activities.

Besides transportation facilities, major advantages include the availability of labor, a full range of community facilities and the availability of utilities and land. Industrial activities in both service and non-service categories are expected to expand.





In the energy field, the challenges of sustainable development differ drastically for the low-income countries where populations are making a great effort, and often failing, to provide for their most basic needs.

Providing affordable and environmentally sustainable energy, developing affordable and practical technologies could make progress. Needed are technologies with new improved end use energy efficiency like small wind turbine technologies that can make possible to be implanted in the different regions of the world.

Immediate needs focus on minimum electricity for lighting in low population density rural areas most cheaply provided by distributed generation and clean cooking fuels.


The causes of hungry derive from inequitable social policies, and economical conditions as well as adverse ecological circumstances, and these all combine to influence both productivity and distribution.

Enabling policies and political action must work in a straight line with increasing productivity and agro-industries that will require substantially lower investments in new technologies and also a wide range of changes in natural-resource management.

Increase investment in the development and dissemination of new and existing technologies adapted to the requirements of small farmers of the poorest areas, particularly replenishing soil fertility and improving small-scale water management.

Other initiatives as new crop and tree varieties or farm animals breeds, developed through both conventional breeding and other management practices appropriate for local ecological conditions, such as conservation and integrated pest management.

Expand efforts to build local institutions and infrastructure for collective action and market development for vulnerable regions and fragile resources, to increase the relative profitability of more sustainable ways to obtain harvests, farm animals, fish and forest products, capacity building for collective action on rural institutions for credit and savings.




Water is vital to progress agriculture, ecosystems, sanitation, human health, and for life.

The dominant water use is for agriculture, and the absolute concern has been the dramatic variability of natural supply in space, time and quality. Changes in climate, soils, watershed drainage systems, and the use of chemicals aggravate these concerns, with consequent threats to human and ecological health.

Because water needs increasing for hydropower, navigation and agricultural irrigation, municipal and industrial water supply and sanitation development of water services, particularly for agriculture, combined with vulnerable efforts to defend resource quantity and quality, has led to inefficient use of water resources and a general neglect of maintenance of that infrastructure.

Artificial agricultural irrigation has formed large areas desertification because salt concentration, and proofs the concepts has been employed in an inadequate method.

Along with variable access for other uses, human health impacts can be closely correlated with degradation of source water quality and to lack of access to safe water supplies, especially at the rural level.

The vast majority of the world’s poorest people live in the semi-arid to arid tropics and sub-tropics, where, water may be the most restraining impact on improving the people incomes.

Original water storage strategies are needed, consisting of necessary infrastructure and management, policy, regulatory, legal and economic incentives that serve as the motivation for integrated water resources management.




Human health is closely related to the environment. Ecological and hydrological systems should be reestablished in order to preserve wildlife, domestic animals, and human populations. Public health is an essential component of poverty reduction strategies.

Improving health care systems must be developed through strong and maintained funding efforts. Health is fundamental factor for economic growth.

Access to medical assistance, medication, safe water and appropriate sanitation, adequate nutrition and healthy food consumption behaviors, and appropriate treatment are so essential as prevention.

International policies regarding intellectual property rights and trade agreements, including affordable therapy pricing for all, should be achieved. Developed Drugs and vaccines should be available and made for the poor people. In particular, the poor people should be protected against basic health excessive expenditures.

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